Eton Society (Pop)
Year: 1901
Role: Elected member
Description: This is one of the most exclusive and oldest self-electing societies of Eton in which members perform roles at different routine events.
Cambridge’s Baskerville Club
Year: 1903
Role: Founder member
Description: The Club published biographies intended for book-collectors.
Cambridge Union Debating Society
Year: 1905
Role: Elected president
Description: Keynes’s father bought life membership for his son when he began his undergraduate education. In 1905 Keynes was elected president after impressing the then president Edward Montagu with his speeches.
Cambridge Political Economy Club
Year: 1909
Role: Founder
Description: Reflecting much of the design of The Apostles, this group met on Monday evenings during term-time and was mainly for Economics undergraduates who met and discussed each other’s papers from 1909 to 1937.
Tuesday Club
Year: 1917
Role: Co-founder
Description: Co-founded with stockbroker Oswald Falk, this was a dining club for officials, finance journalists and City of London men. They met to discuss business and monetary economics once a month.
The Other Club
Year: 1927
Role: Elected member
Description: This dining society was founded in 1911 by Winston Churchill and F. E. Smith. Over the years members have included leading British political and non-political people.
Year: 1942
Role: Elected member
Description: Founded in 1824, this is a private members' club in London for men and women (who were only allowed from 2002) with intellectual interests. As one visitor described it: “All the most respectable Bishops and Deans belonged to it, and famous scientists, judges and literary big-wigs…”.
Eton Literary Society
Year: 1902
Role: Elected president
Description: Members wrote papers and essays on subjects of wide diversity and debated them. This was an important outlet for Keynes to develop his creativity and writing skills.
Cambridge Conversazione Society
Year: 1903
Role: member
Description: Founded in 1820, this intellectual discussion group is generally known as The Apostles. In each meeting, one member gives a prepared talk on a topic and this is later open for discussion. The Apostles was crucial to Keynes’s thinking and actions throughout his life. There where he met lifelong friends Lytton Strachey and Leonard Woolf, who would later form the famous "Bloomsbury" group.
The Eighty Club
Year: 1905
Role: Member
Description: This dinning club was based in London and was strictly aligned to Liberal Party supporters. Keynes visited Ireland for the first time with his Club members in 1911. The Club finally closed in 1978.
London Political Economy Club
Year: 1912
Role: Elected member
Description: Keynes was introduced to this discussion and dining club for Economists by his friend Arthur Cecil Pigou.
The Memoir Club
Year: 1920
Role: Member
Description: An important sub-section of the Bloomsbury group, this club met two or three times a year to dine and read aloud short memoirs of Edwardian England.
The Cranium Club
Year: 1929
Role: Elected member
Description: Founded in 1924 by Francis Birrell and Bunny Garnett, this was another dining club. Meetings took place on the first Thursday of every month.